kennecott copper mine facts

These trucks can haul over 300 short-tons and was the largest capacity haul truck in Komatsu’s line up until 2008. [13] The massive slide was expected to cut production of mined copper by 100,000 tonnes (110,000 short tons). While there is a vending machine available with drinks, food is not available for purchase. *Kennecott’s Bingham Canyon Mine has produced more copper than any mine in history—about 18.1 million tons. Finally, with Kennecott being so large they own and operate many truly enormous pieces of machinery. In 1915, with World War I needs greatly boosting demand (and prices), the mine was taken over by the Kennecott … It was also featured prominently in ''The Fundamentals of Caring''. Maid Appleton @ the Kennecott Copper Mine in Bingham, Utah "Facts about Haulage Truck Tires: Tire Size - 55/80R63 Steel Belted Radial Tubeless; Height-12 feet, 6 inches; Diameter-153 inches; Weight-10,183 pounds: Tread Width-55 inches: Rim Size-63 inches: Tire … Last year 237,000 tons of copper, 379,000 ounces of gold and 3.2 million ounces of silver were mined from Kennecott. Mill workers and miners lived in bunkhouses, worked 7 days a week and sent money home to their families. By 1961 Kennecott's copper mines included four large open pits in the western United States and one underground mine in Chile. The Bingham Canyon mine has generated about 2.7Mt of refined copper, 3.3Moz of gold, 35.18Moz silver, and 200Mlb of molybdenum since 2008. Kennecott Utah Copper LLC’s Garfield Smelter Stack is a 1,215 feet (370 m) high smokestack west of Magna, Utah, alongside Interstate 80 near the Great Salt Lake.It was built to disperse exhaust gases from the Kennecott Utah Copper smelter at Garfield, Utah. In 1989 the Rio Tinto Group acquired the asset, who modernized the mine, mill and smelter. Learn More Copper Currents blog View All Careers & HR Pioneering human […] In 1986, Kennecott discovered gold in nearby Barney's Canyon. Bingham Canyon Mine was featured in the 1973 made-for-TV movie Birds of Prey, with protagonist helicopter pilot Harry Walker (played by David Janssen) piloting his Hughes 500 into the crater to track down three bank robbers and their female hostage in an Aérospatiale SA 315B Lama, which was hiding behind heavy mining machinery. •The mine is 2-3/4 miles across at the top and 3/4 of a mile deep. 2015/02/22 - Kennecott Copper Mine near McCarthy Alaska. Bingham Canyon Open Pit Copper Mine: Kennecott Copper Mine is the largest excavation in World - See 198 traveler reviews, 76 candid photos, and great deals for Bingham Canyon, UT, at Tripadvisor. Left behind is a molten copper sulfide called matte. The pit is over half a mile deep, 2.5 miles wide, and covers 1,900 acres! CALLISTER, Chief Justice: Plaintiffs initiated this action claiming they had sustained damage to their motor vehicles, while they were parked in a parking lot maintained by defendant. All kennecott copper mine artwork ships within 48 hours and includes a 30-day money-back guarantee. [40][41], There was also a threat due to the tailings dam. It was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1966 under the name Bingham Canyon Open Pit Copper Mine. The 21 separate mining operations in existence by 1911 were consolidated into two in 1970: Kennecott and The Anaconda Minerals Company. Kennecott expanded its power plant in 1960 to a 175,000-kilowatt capacity. Since the early 1990s, Kennecott has spent more than $400 million on clean-up efforts on the affected areas to avoid regulatory laws that would have placed them on the Superfund National Priorities List (NPL). Kennecott Mill Town, Alaska by Jet Lowe. [34] Copper has a very high boiling point and also requires use of other chemicals to separate it from other metals and impurities present in the ore. Asbestos has microscopic particles that dispersed into the atmosphere and contributed to illnesses among workers and individuals living near the mines. It owns and operates the Utah Copper Mine, the Bingham and Garfield Railway Company and certain mills all located in this state. [10], The success of Utah Copper in mining the huge but low-grade porphyry copper type ore body at Bingham Canyon was based on Jacklin's 1904 decision to use open-pit mining, steam shovels and the railroad. Copper production from this low-grade material reduced the mine’s output in 2015 by nearly 55 percent from the already modest 2014 production. Kennecott Utah Copper LLC (KUC), a division of Rio Tinto Group, is a mining, smelting, and refining company. The extracted ore is treated at the Kennecott smelter at nearby Magna, Utah. [28], The EPA lists "Kennecott South Zone/Bingham" on its superfund webpage, after it was proposed to be listed as a superfund site in 1994. Here are some facts about Kennecott's Bingham Canyon Mine: - It is the world's largest man-made excavation. Photo courtesy of Kennecott Utah Copper. Located within the Wrangell-St. Elias National Park & Preserve, this historic site tells a story of discovery, perseverance, and ingenuity at a time when America was hungry for copper to build railroads, electrify cities and supply munitions … For the former city at this location, see, World's largest open-pit copper mine, located in Utah, United States, Bingham Canyon Mine satellite images before (left, July 20, 2011) and after (right, May 2, 2013) a landslide on April 20, 2013, "Bingham Canyon extension could extend life of mine to mid-2030s by moving south wall,", U.S. National Register of Historic Places, visible to the naked eye from an orbiting space shuttle, Department of Interior Fish and Wildlife Service, "Kennecott Copper Mine recovering faster than predicted", "Rio Tinto's Kennecott wins clean air lawsuit in the US |", Second landslide hits Rio's Bingham Canyon mine, 100 workers evacuated, "Sizing up the Landslide at Bingham Canyon Mine", "Massive landslide stops production at Bingham Canyon Mine", "Bingham slide could cut output by 110,000 ST",, "Kennecott Utah Copper's South End Removed from the National Priorities List", "Kennecott Utah Copper's Bingham Canyon Mine", "Bingham Canyon Copper: Finding Chalcopyrite at "The Richest Hole on Earth, "National Energy Foundation's Out of The Rock", "When the copper is gone, our children will get the pit", "EPA withdraws proposal to list Kennecott South Zone as Superfund site", EPA Superfund Program: Kennecott South Zone, Copperton, UT, "The richest hole on earth: a history of the Bingham copper mine", "Miglietta v. Kennecott Copper Corporation", "Kennecott Utah Copper Company: Natural Resource Damage Claim and Settlement", "Special Report: How Kennecott concealed warnings of a possible disaster from the people of Magna", "Air pollution and fatal lung disease in three Utah counties", "THE TRACK RECORD OF WATER QUALITY IMPACTS RESULTING FROM PIPELINE SPILLS, TAILINGS FAILURES AND WATER COLLECTION AND TREATMENT FAILURES", "Scoping Summary Report: Kennecott Utah Copper LLC Tailings Expansion Project", Kennecott Copper Mine. The plaintiff, Kennecott Copper Corporation, seeks to have a large portion of the City of Bingham Canyon disconnected from the city limits pursuant to Secs. The mountains just to the northeast of the present mine site of Kennecott display a well-defined contact line apparent at about the 6,000 foot elevation. It is also featured in a driving simulator game American Truck Simulator from the DLC expansion pack Utah, which also featured the Bingham Canyon Mine. [citation needed]. Capacity was 60,000 tons/day as far back as the 1930's! Unfortunately, this secret won’t come as much of a surprise to those familiar with the world of reality television. As a result of mine discharge sewage containing large amounts of arsenic and selenium – selenium being particularly toxic to birds, fish and amphibians – about 30% of the fish population were killed in the early 1990s. [17], The figure below shows a comparison of two satellite images used to identify the changes in the Bingham Canyon Mine between 1985 and 2016 The initial mines were small in caparison but isn’t everything small compared to that, and the mining operations didn’t really scale up until the late 19th century when the open pit operations started to take hold. When you’re talking big equipment, there is really nothing bigger then Rio Tinto Kennecott. Around 65 –70 million cubic feet of dirt slid off the mountainside. Asbestos is responsible for illnesses such as pleural fibrosis, skin warts and lung cancer. [20][21] It is one of the top producing copper mines in the world with production at more than 18.7 million short tons (16.7 million long tons; 17.0 Mt). A mining company originally from Alaska, Kennecott Copper Corporation owned a quarter interest of Utah Copper Company and by 1947 it became wholly owned by Kennecott Copper. The Chino Mine is the third oldest, still active open-pit copper mine in the entire world. Exploitation of natural resources has formed the basis for Alaska's economy … Decline of Copper Mining in Kennecott. The copper in the area of Kennecott was among the richest deposits ever found and still unique in the world. Together they formed the Utah Consolidated Gold Mines, Ltd. with English investors. When the cells are electrified, the anodes slowly dissolve, freeing copper ions that are deposited on the cathode as 99.99-percent-pure copper. The mine is owned by Rio Tinto Group, a British-Australian multinational corporation. The Glacier Mine was shut down in 1929 while the Mother Lode was officially closed in July 1938. That is amazing. They then formed the Boston Consolidated Gold and Copper Co., Ltd., for development of low-grade copper ore adjacent to the Utah Copper Company site. The copper in the area of Kennecott was among the richest deposits ever found and still unique in the world. Mineralization is in a monzonite porphyry. Go inside the world's largest man-made hole! The value of the resources extracted from the Bingham Canyon Mine is greater than the Comstock Lode, Klondike, and California gold rush mining regions combined. Porphyry copper required processing and a railroad, which reached the canyon in 1873. exceed Bingham Canyon's annual production rate. In 1985 open-pit mining operations were halted by Kennecott's Utah Copper. Bingham Canyon Mine (Bingham Canyon deposit; Kennecott Mine; Bingham Copper Mine; Utah Copper Mine), Bingham Mining District (West Mountain Mining District), Oquirrh Mountains, Salt Lake Co., Utah, USA : An open pit Cu-Au-Mo(-Ag-Pb) (principally copper) mine. [1] The central porphyry ores formed from mantle hydrothermal circulation while the outer vein and deposits in the sedimentary rocks formed at lower temperature when magmatic and meteoric waters mixed.[10]. Latinos at the Kennecott Copper Mine. [44], In 2007, Kennecott Utah Copper LLC was considering expanding its land holdings to Rose Canyon Ranch in the southern Oquirrh mountains and Yellow Fork Canyon land in Salt Lake County. [9]:93–94, Another significant development took place in 1903, when Daniel C. Jackling and Enos A. In 2019, the project mined 186,800t of copper, 234,700oz of gold, 11,200t of molybdenum, and 2.81Moz of silver. Established in 1903, Kennecott Mining Corporation operated 5 mines in the area. As of 2004, its ore yielded more than 17 million tons (15.4 Mt) of copper, 23 million ounces (715 t) of gold, 190 million ounces (5,900 t) of silver, and 850 million pounds (386 kt) of molybdenum. the mine has had adverse environmental effects on the habitats of fish and wild animals as well as air and water pollution, creating health hazards to the surrounding public. [25] The value of metals produced in 2006 at Bingham Canyon was US$1.8 billion. [29][30] More than 25 million tons of mining wastes have been removed; sludge with elevated sulfate concentrations was consolidated and capped on site. [45], In 2008, the United States Department of Interior Fish and Wildlife Service sued Kennecott after the release of hazardous substances including selenium, copper, arsenic, zinc, lead, and cadmium. [31] In 1906, Federal Court Judge Marshall ruled that the smelters could not smelt ores containing more than 10% sulfur,[32] effectively closing all of the aforementioned smelters. The mountains just to the northeast of the present mine site of Kennecott display a well-defined contact line apparent at about the 6,000 foot elevation. [6], Minerals, in the form of copper ore, were first discovered in Bingham Canyon in 1848 by two brothers, Sanford and Thomas Bingham, sons of Erastus Bingham, latter-day saint pioneers of September 1847, who grazed their cattle there. The Kennecott Mines National Historic Landmark includes the land and mining claims that formed the foundation for the Kennecott Copper Corporation, later the Kennecott Minerals Company. Ore is loaded into a fleet of 64 large dump trucks which each carry 255 short tons (228 long tons; 231 t) of ore at a time; the trucks themselves cost about $3 million each. Other articles where Kennecott Mine is discussed: Alaska: Resources and power: …with the closing of the Kennecott Mine in 1938, although there are new prospects elsewhere. For example, in April 1958 a special awards dinner honored those with 20 and 30 years of service with Utah Copper. KENNECOTT COPPER CORPORATION. Minerals from the mine were first discovered in 1848 by Sanford and Thomas Bingham. By 1930s, most of the copper mines were exhausted. (September 15, 2014) A Kennecott Story: Three Mines, Four Men, and One Hundred Years, 1887–1997. Find out what works well at Kennecott Utah Copper from the people who know best. High molybdenum prices in 2005 made the molybdenum produced at Bingham Canyon in that year worth more than the copper. Pictured recently in one of their tweets, they told us they operate over 100 of the Komatsu 930 series haul trucks. The pit is designated as a national historic landmark and the structure is even visible to the naked eye from the space shuttle! As of 2010, Kennecott Utah Copper was the second largest copper producer in the US, and provided about 13-18% percent of the U.S.'s copper needs. Capacity was 60,000 tons/day as far back as the 1930's! [44], The EPA has estimated a 72-square-mile (190 km2) plume of contaminated groundwater has been created over the course of the mine due to multiple spills and runoff. Over the course of Kennecott’s history, from approximately 1905 through 1938, the operation produced over 590,000 tons of copper and 9 … [24], Bingham Canyon has proven to be one of the world's most productive mines. Kennecott has been mining and processing minerals from the rich ore body of the Bingham Canyon Mine since 1903, and is even today one of the top producing mines in the world. Kennecott operates the largest open-pit copper mine in the world in Bingham Canyon, Salt Lake County, Utah.The company was first formed as 1898 as the Boston Consolidated Mining Company.The company first used the name Kennecott in 1936. Miriam B. Murphy History Blazer, November 1996. [9]:9, The open-pit owners replaced an antiquated 1000-car railroad with conveyor belts and pipelines for transporting the ore and waste, which reduced costs by nearly 30% and returned the operation to profitability. 2015/02/22 - Kennecott Copper Mine near McCarthy Alaska. Months ahead of schedule, Rio Tinto Kennecott reopened its main ‘highway,’ called the mine access road, within the Bingham Canyon Mine. * The mine is 2-3/4 miles across at the top and 3/4 of a mile deep. Utah Copper immediately began construction of a pilot mill at Copperton,[9] just beyond the mouth of the canyon, and the company actually started mining in 1906. The Kennecott pit mine is truly something to behold, I recommend checking it out if you’re ever in the valley here! There is a five-mile (8 km) series of conveyors that take ore to the Copperton concentrator and flotation plant. Our ongoing commitment to our employees provides an opportunity to work in a safe environment while developing their skills through training and other professional growth opportunities. [9]:38,64–65, The canyon's 19th Century mines were relatively small, and it wasn't until the end of the century that very large-scale exploitation of the canyon's ore bodies began to develop with open-pit mining. The pit is over half a mile deep, 2.5 miles wide, and covers 1,900 acres! That area is the oldest coal mining area in the entire state. [41], In the northern zone near Magna, Utah, the extensive southern tailings pond has been collecting the tailings since the mine first started mining production. The other three mines were closed in September 1938. Shop for kennecott copper mine art from the world's greatest living artists. 2015/02/22 - Kennecott Copper Mine near McCarthy Alaska. Utah Teacher Guide, To Move A Mountain: A History of Mining and Railroads in Bingham Canyon, Panoramic View of the Bingham Canyon Mine, Utah Copper Company, Bingham Canyon Mine, State Route 48, Copperton, Salt Lake County, UT, History of the National Register of Historic Places, National Historic Preservation Act of 1966,, Buildings and structures in Salt Lake County, Utah, Historic American Engineering Record in Utah, Industrial buildings and structures on the National Register of Historic Places in Utah, National Register of Historic Places in Salt Lake County, Utah, Articles using NRISref without a reference number, Short description is different from Wikidata, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from December 2018, All articles with vague or ambiguous time, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2014, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. 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